IUDs Are Linked To A Lower Cervical Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Couple having sex cancer

An IUD is a safe and effective form of contraception, but using one offers no guarantee against cervical cancer.

The data showed women who used IUD had a lower occurrence of cervical cancer (odds ratio [OR] 0.64, 95% CI: 0.53-0.77). And since the 2016 election, IUD demand has spiked 900 percent.

"But there are still epidemics going on in most parts of the world where women don't have regular access to screenings - those ladies stand to benefit most from this", Cortessis says. Adding, "The possibility that a woman could experience some help with cancer control at the same time she is making contraception decisions could potentially be very, very impact". So, about 528000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2012, while 266000 women died from the disease.

"It does fit well into our understanding of the critical role of persistent HPV infection in causing cervical cancer", she said.

The cancer that forms in the cervix region of the female reproductive system is known as cervical cancer. Plus, no one is immune to HPV - anyone who is sexually active can get it, even without having sexual intercourse per se; it can also be spread through close sexual contact.

This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that any previous use of an IUD reduces the risk of cervical cancer. Omitting age at fitting is also problematic because the World Health Organization has found that age is a highly influential factor in HPV prevalence: the earlier a woman has the coil fitted, the greater the protection against HPV infection she may get. Hence, the body would ward off a current HPV infection which could lead to cervical cancer.

Another possibility is that when women have the devices removed, precancerous cells are scraped away that might otherwise grow into tumors. They can protect themselves against getting pregnant, while warding off the cervical cancer risk. Some scientists speculate that the placement of an IUD stimulates an immune response in the cervix, giving the body an opportunity to fight an existing HPV infection that could one day lead to cervical cancer.

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Dr. Michael Krychman, Executive Director of the Southern California Center for Sexual Health and Survivorship Medicine and co-author of The Sexual Spark: 20 Essential Exercises to Reignite the Passion, agrees about the benefits of IUDs. "It looks real. It smells real, but to be really convinced, we need to go back and do studies to find a mechanism". Keck School faculty also conduct research and teach at several research centers and institutes, including the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine at USC, USC Cardiovascular Thoracic Institute, USC Institute of Urology, USC Mark and Mary Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, USC Roski Eye Institute and Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute.



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